How to develop a Practical Agricultural Information Management System Prototype (PAIMSP)
Dept of Computer Science & Engineering
Department of Computer Science & Engg.
Anirban Ray Chaudhuri
CMATER, Department of Computer Science & Engg.
– In an agriculture based country like
Index Terms – Agricultural information system, e-governance, three tier architecture, farmer , government.
The system is to be developed based on the international standard of agricultural language and syntax known as AGROVOC or Agricultural vocabulary . AGROVOC is a multilingual structured thesaurus of all subject fields in Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Food Security and related domains (e.g. Sustainable Development, Nutrition, etc). It consists of words or expressions (terms), in different languages and organized in relationships (e.g. "broader", "narrower", and "related"), used to identify or search resources. Its main role is to standardize the indexing process in order to make searching simpler and more efficient, and to provide users with the most relevant resources.
The AGROVOC Thesaurus [1-3] was developed by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), in the early 1980s. It is updated by FAO roughly every three months and users can see the specific changes on the AGROVOC website.
AGROVOC is available in the five
official languages at FAO, which are English, French, Spanish, Chinese and
Arabic. It is also available in Czech, Portuguese and
B. Target People
The client base is wide range. Those who are directly involved with the agriculture; starting from cultivation to distribution of the yield will be benefited
. Particularly farmers, governmental departments including agricultural, planning and food, vendors, agro-fertilizers, researchers and NGOs[4 -5].
The IT related Agricultural area is
highly unexplored in
D. Related Works
Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative
Ltd.(IFFCO) in August, 2003 has
developed and installed touch screen e-kiosk in different states of
In November 2004, the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited(VSNL) and IIT Kharagpur have launched a Grasso-Portal which will contain some information related to farmers. Again this portal is also supply driven in nature than the demand led.
DRISTEE  in
In February 2005, the government of West-Bengal agricultural development authority and ministry of fisheries and ministry of horticulture has tied up with the government organization National Informatics Centre (NIC) to develop a full fledged IT based agricultural network which is claimed to fulfill the demands of the current scenario. Although the earlier such attempt by West-Bengal government was not successful (Banglar Mukh), this one (Banglar Krishi) promised to do better.
II. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS
As different commercial and Government organizations as well as the NGOs are working hard on this issue, the solution will definitely add a new edge to the present way of land cultivation .
A. Cost-Benefit Analysis
The cost incurred in this process will not be much compared to the benefit achieved. As the process depends on existing technology and infrastructure, the additional cost for setting up the system will be minimized. Moreover the system will have a direct communication procedure to attend the personalized problems and the farmers can have a tailor-made solution rather than the general solutions. The project can generate job opportunities to the educated unemployed youths who will be taking care of the information centers. The system will help to reduce the wastage of corps as well as help the farmers to tackle complex situations. The benefit may be divided into two categories:
Category I- Producer/Farmer
1. Financial aid & assistance (Agricultural and Irrigational Banking).
2. Seed & their availability information.
3. Weather information.
5. Energy support.
1. Consultation with expert.
2. Information Hierarchy.
3. Cold Storage statistics.
Category II- Government:
Article 243 G of the 11th Schedule of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 entrusts Panchayats with responsibility for agriculture including agricultural extension. In addition, Panchayats will also have to attend to:
Besides taking care of the above aspects, the system will also perform---
1. Instant monitoring.
2. Monitoring of expected yield (Description from the Farmer) and Final Yield.
3. Monitoring of channelization of information.
4. Monitoring of distribution of fund.
5. Directives and announcements.
The proposed system will try to bridge the gap between the academic world and the Government with the industry. It will be the one stop information centre for both the Government and the users. It will efficiently use the knowledge of the academic world and the expertise of the industry people.
The system will follow both the centralized and the distributed network at different levels. On the top level, it will be centralized in nature so that the information can be readily available from a single source. At the lower level(Block level), it will be as distributed as possible to get as much information as possible from different source[15-16].
B. Key issues for developing this system
III. THE PROPOSED ARCHITECTURE
The model may consist of a three-tier architecture as shown. As the agriculture is mainly the state level issue, the highest tier is the state[15-17].The local language support is provided in the lowest tier(tier 1).
The above model will satisfy the basic criteria stated above along with some additional functionalities. Every layer will be networked and proper hardware and software support should be provided to each layer. The NIC already has
established this structure known as NICNET in the upper layer. Now extending that facility to the grassroots level requires simple modifications. Issues like electricity, temperature, dust, humidity etc should be properly addressed while installing the system. Implementing all the above conditions will make it a successful system for the future.
1. “Towards better Semantic Standards for Information Management AGROVOC and the Agricultural Ontology Service (AOS)” Second Consultation on Agricultural Information Management, Rome, Italy, 23 - 25 September, 2002 2pp. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/MEETING/005/AC493E.HTM
2. The Agricultural Ontology Service website http://www.fao.org/agris/aos
3. The AGROVOC website
Annual-Report2001-2002.Department of Information-Technology (DoIT), Ministry of
Communication and Information Technology, Government of
Commission. 2001. Approach Paper to the Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-2007).
Planning Commission, Government of
6. The Telegraph, 7th December,2005
7. The Telegraph, 23rd August,2003.
8. Creating GRASSO web portal—21pp www.ficci.com/media-room/speeches-presentations/2004/nov/cifti-kolkata/preset.pdf.
9. Drishtee Foundation http://www.tribuneindia.com/2006/20060216/delhi.htm#5
10. Banglar Krishi- http://in.news.yahoo.com/050407/43/2klxs.html
11. Chaudhary Sanjay, Vikram Sorathia, Zakir Laliwala "Architecture of Sensor based agricultural Information System for effective Planning of Farm Activities," scc, pp. 93-100, Services Computing, 2004 IEEE International Conference on (SCC'04), 2004..
Bank. 1992. Gender and Poverty in
14. “Jai Kisan”, a draft on national policy for farmers from National Commission on farmers, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, Vaisakhi, 13 April, 2006.
15. Dent, J. B. And Blackie, M. J. (1979)
Systems Simulation in Agriculture.
Applied Science Publishers Ltd.,
R., Albert, J., Du, W.,
1994. Introducing Avenue. Environmental
Systems Research Institute Ltd.,